Partial discharge spectral characterization in HF, VHF and UHF bands using particle swarm optimization

1Department of Electrical Engineering, Universidad Carlos III de Madrid, Leganés, 28911 Madrid, Spain
2Department of Electrical Engineering, Universidad Técnica Federico Santa María, 8940000 Santiago de Chile, Chile
3Department of Signal Processing and Communications, Universidad Carlos III de Madrid, Leganés, 28911 Madrid, Spain
*Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.

Robles, G.; Fresno, J.M.; Martínez-Tarifa, J.M.; Ardila-Rey, J.A.; Parrado-Hernández, E. Partial Discharge Spectral Characterization in HF, VHF and UHF Bands Using Particle Swarm Optimization. Sensors 2018, 18, 746.

  • 2018 Impact Factor: 3.031
  • 15/61 (Q1) in ‘Instruments & Instrumentation’
  • Journal Impact Factor Percentile: 76.23

This paper is Open Access and can be downloaded here.

Abstract— The measurement of partial discharge (PD) signals in the radio-frequency (RF) range has gained popularity among utilities and specialized monitoring companies in recent years. Unfortunately, in most of the occasions the data are hidden by noise and coupled interferences that hinder their interpretation and renders them useless especially in acquisition systems in the UHF band where the signals of interest are weak. This paper is focused on a method that uses a selective spectral signal characterization to feature each signal, type of partial discharge or interferences/noise, with the power contained in the most representative frequency bands. The technique can be considered as a dimensionality reduction problem where all the energy information contained in the frequency components is condensed in a reduced number of UHF or HF/VHF bands. In general, dimensionality reduction methods make the interpretation of results a difficult task because the inherent physical nature of the signal is lost in the process. The proposed selective spectral characterization is a preprocessing tool that facilitates further main processing. The starting point is a clustering of signals that could form the core of a partial discharge monitoring system. Therefore, the dimensionality reduction technique should find out the best frequency bands to enhance the affinity between signals in the same cluster and the differences between signals in different clusters. This is done maximizing the minimum Mahalanobis distance between clusters using particle swarm optimization (PSO). The tool is tested with three sets of experimental signals to demonstrate its capabilities in separating noise and partial discharges with low signal-to-noise ratio and separating different types of partial discharges measured in the UHF and HF/VHF bands.